Peer-Reviewed Publications

(Group members underlined)

54. Werden, B., M. R. Giordano, J. D. Goetz, Md. R. Islam, P. V. Bhave, S. P. Puppala, M. Rupakheti, E. Saikawa, A. K. Panday, R. J. Yokelson, E. A. Stone, and P. F. DeCarlo, Pre-monsoon Submicron Aerosol Composition and Source Contribution in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, accepted.

53. Lane, M., M. Walawender, E. Brownsword, S. PuE. Saikawa, C. Kraft, and R. Davis. The impact of cold weather on respiratory morbidity at Emory Healthcare in Atlanta, Science of the Total Environment, 813, 152612, 2022.

52. Wang, Y.E. Saikawa, A. Avramov, and N. Hill, Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Fluxes under Different Cover Crop Systems, Frontiers in Climate, 10.3389/fclim.2021.742320, 2022.

53. Morgan, L., M. Walawender, E. Brownsword, S. Pu, E. Saikawa, C. Kraft, and R. Davis. The impact of cold weather on respiratory morbidity at Emory Healthcare in Atlanta, Science of the Total Environment, in press.


52. Wang, Y., E. Saikawa, A. Avramov, and N. Hill, Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Fluxes under Different Cover Crop Systems, Frontiers in Climate, in press.


51. Saikawa, E. and G. M. Filippelli, Invited Perspective: Assessing the Contaminant Exposure Risks of Urban Gardening: Call for Updated Health Guidelines, Environmental Health Perspectives, 129 (11), 111302, 2021.


50. Huang, X.-F., L.-M. Cao, X.-D. Tian, Q. Zhu, E. Saikawa, L.-L. Lin, Y. Cheung, L.-Y. He, M. Hu, Y.-H. Zhang, K.-D. Lu, Y.-H. Liu, K. Daellenbach, J. G. Slowik, Q. Tang, Q.-L. Zou, X. Sun, B.-Y. Xu, L. Jiang, Y.-M. Shen, N. L. Ng, A. S. H. Prévôt, Critical Role of Simultaneous Reduction of Atmopsheric Odd Oxygen for Winter Haze Mitigation, Environmental Science & Technology, 55 (17), 11557-11567, 2021.


49. Bergero, C., M. Rich, and E. Saikawa, All Roads Lead to Paris: The Eight Pathways to Renewable Energy Target Adoption, Energy Research & Social Science, 80, 102215, 2021.


48. Hill, N. S., M. Levi, N. Basinger, A. Thompson, M. Cabera, J. Wallace, E. Saikawa, A. Avramov, and J. Mullican, White clover living mulch enhances soil health vs. annual cover crops, Agronomy Journal, 113 (4), 3697-3707, 2021.  


47. Pei, Q., E. Saikawa, S. Kaspari, D. Widory, C. Zhao, G. Wu, M. Loewen, X. Wan, S. Kang, X. Wang, Y.-L. Zhang, Z. Cong, Sulfur aerosols in the Arctic, Antarctic, and Tibetan Plateau: Current knowledge and future perspectives, Earth-Science Reviews, 220, 103753, 2021. 


46. Kuruvilla, M., J. Hatcher, S. Shelly, A. N. Dixit, A. I. Gillespie, K. VanNostrand, E. Saikawa, A. Jain, and A. M. Klein, Virtual interprofessional chronic cough clinic: An efficient and appealing approach to a complex problem, International forum of allergy and rhinology, doi:10.1002/alr.22805, 2021. 
45. Islam, M. R., T. Li, K. Mahata, N. Khanal, B. Warden, M. R. Giordano, P. S. Praveen, N. B. Dhital, A. Gurung, A. K. Panday, Y. Wang, E. Saikawa, R. J. Yokelson, P. F. DeCarlo, E. A. Stone, Wintertime air quality in Lumbini, Nepal: sources of fine particle organic carbon, ACS Earth and Space Chemistry, 5 (2), 226-238, 2021.


44. Li, M., T. Wang, M. Xie, S. Li, B. Zhuang, Q. Fu, M. Zhao, H. Wu, J. Liu, E. Saikawa, and K. Liao, Drivers for the poor air quality conditions in north China Plain during the COVID-19 outbreak, Atmospheric Environment, 246, 118103, 2021.


43. Gao, X., A. Avramov, E. Saikawa, and C. A. Schlosser, Emulation of Community Land Model Version 5 (CLM5) to Quantify Sensitivity of Soil Moisture to Uncertain Parameters, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 22 (2), 259-278, 2021.


42. Zhu, Q., L.-M. Cao, M.-X. Tang, X.-F. Huang, E. Saikawa, and L.-Y. He, Characterization of organic aerosol at a rural site in North China Plain: sources, volatility and organonitrates, Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, doi:10.1007/s00376-020-0127-2, 2021.


41. S. Distler and E. Saikawa, A New Screening Index to Better Target Low-Level Lead Exposure in Atlanta, Georgia, Scientific Reports, 10, 18087, 2020.


40. E. Saikawa, Q. Wu, M. Zhong, A. Avramov, K. Ram, C. E. Stockwell, T. Jayarathne, E. Stone, A. Panday and R. J. Yokelson, Garbage burning in South Asia – how important is it to the regional air quality?, Environmental Science and Technology, doi:10.1021/acs.est.0c02830, 2020. 


39. Ye, W., E. Saikawa, A. Avramov, S.-H. Cho, and R. Chartier, Household Air Pollution and Personal Exposure from Burning Firewood and Yak Dung in the Eastern Tibetan Plateau, Environmental Pollution, 263, doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114531, 2020.


38. Balotin, L., S. Distler, A. Williams, S. Peters, G. Frank, C. Theal, T. Alvarado, Hernandez, A. Hines, and E. Saikawa, Analysis of Atlanta Residents’ Knowledge Regarding Heavy Metal Exposures Associated with Urban Agriculture, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(6), doi:10.3390/ijerph17062069, 2020.


37. Peters, S., E. Saikawa, N. Hill, A. Avramov, K. Wakabayashi, B. A. Yosen, L. Sutter, D. Markowitz, Soil Trace Gas Fluxes in Living Mulch and Traditional Agricultural Systems, Journal of Environmental Quality, 49, 268-280, 2020.


36. Hunter, C. M., D. H. Z. Williamson, M. Pearson, E. Saikawa, M. O. Gribble, M. Kegler, Safe Community Garden. Practices: Focus Groups with Garden Leaders in Atlanta, Georgia, Local Environment, 25 (1), 18-35, doi: 10.1080/13549839.2019.1688268, 2020.


35. Stowell, J. D., G. Geng, E. Saikawa, H. H. Chang, J. Fu, C.-E. Yang, Q. Zhu, Y. Liu, and M. J. Strickland, Associations of Wildfire Smoke PM2.5 Exposure with Cardiorespiratory events in Colorado 2011-2014, Environment International, 133, 105151, 2019.


34. Sclar, S. and E. Saikawa, Household Air Pollution in a Changing Tibet: A Mixed Methods Ethnography Amidst Particulate Matter and Black Carbon, Environmental Management, 64 (3), 353-365, 2019.


33. Chen, C., E. Saikawa, B. Comer, X. Mao, and D. Rutherford, Ship Emission Impacts on Air Quality and Human Health in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, China in 2015, with Projections to 2030, GeoHealth, doi: 10.1029/2019GH000183, 2019.


32. Nam, K.-M., X. Zhang, M. Zhong, E. Saikawa, and X. Zhang, Health Effects of Ozone and Particulate Matter Pollution in China: A Province-level CGE Analysis, The Annals of Regional Science, doi: 10.1007/s00168-019-00924-z, 2019.


31. Hunter, C. M., D. H. Z. Williamson, M. O. Gribble, H. Bradshaw, M. Pearson, E. Saikawa, P. B. Ryan, and M. Kegler, Perspectives of Heavy Metal Soil Testing among Community Gardeners in the United States: A Mixed Methods Approach, International Journal of Environmental Research and Pubic Health, 16 (13), 2350, 2019.


30. Zhong, M., E. Saikawa, A. Avramov, C. Chen, J. Sun, W. Ye, W. C. Keene, R. J. Yokelson, T. Jarayathne, E. A. Stone, Maheswar Rupakheti, and A. K. Panday, Emissions from vehicles and brick kilns and their impacts on air quality in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19, 8209-8228, 2019.


29. Shang, Z., F. Zhou, P. Smith, E. Saikawa, P. Ciais, J. Chang, H. Tian, S. J. Del Grosso, A. Ito, M. Chen, Q. Wang, Y. Bo, X. Cui, S. Castaldi, R. Juszczak, A. Kasimir, V. Magliulo, S. Medinets, V. Medinets, B. Rees, G. Wohlfahrt, S. Sabbatini, Weakened growth of cropland N2O emissions in China associated with nationwide policy interventions, Global Change Biology, 25, doi:10.1111/gcb.14741, 2019.


28. Tian, H., J. Yang, R. Xu, C. Lu, J. G. Canadell, E. Davidson, R. B. Jackson, A. Arneth, J. Chang, P. Ciais, S. Gerber, A. Ito, F. Joos, S. Lienert, P. Messina, S. Olin, S. Pan, C. Peng, E. Saikawa, N. Vuichard, S. Zaehle, and B. Zhang, Global soil N2O emissions estimated by an ensemble of Terrestrial Biosphere Models during 1861-2016: Magnitude, attribution and uncertainty, Global Change Biology, 25 (2), 640-659, 2019.


27. Bhattarai, H., E. Saikawa, X. Wan, H. Zhu, K. Ram, S. Gao, S. Kang, Q. Zhang, Y. Zhang, G. Wu, X. Wang, K. Kawamura, P. Fu, and Z. Cong, Levoglucosan as a tracer of biomass burning: Recent Progress and perspectives, Atmospheric Research, 220, 20-33, 2019.


26. Grecequet, M., E. Saikawa, and J. J. Hellmann, Select but diverse countries are reducing both climate vulnerability and CO2 emissions, Elem Sci Anth, 7(1), p. 4, 2019.


25. Zhong, M., F. Chen, and E. Saikawa, Sensitivity of projected PM2.5– and O3-related health impacts to model inputs: A case study in mainland China, Environment International, 123, 256-264, 2019.


24. Nevison, C., A. Andrews, K. Thoning, E. Dlugokencky, C. Sweeney, E. Saikawa, J. Benmergui, S. Miller, M. Fischer, M. Mountain, and T. Nehrkorn, Nitrous oxide emissions estimated with the Carbon Tracker Lagrange North American regional inversion framework, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, doi:10.1002/2017GB005759, 2018.


23. Tian, H, J. Yang, C. Lu, R. Xu, J. Canadell, R. Jackson, A. Arneth, J. Chang, G. Chen, P. Ciais, S. Gerber, A. Ito, Y. Huang, F. Joos, S. Lienert, P. Messina, S. Olin, S. Pan, C. Peng, E. Saikawa, R. Thompson, N. Vuichard, W. Winiwarter, S. Zaehle, B. Zhang, K. Zhang, Q. Zhu, The global N2O Model Intercomparison Project (NMIP): objectives, simulation protocol and expected products, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0212.1, 2018.


22. Wells, K., D. Millet, N. Bousserez, D. Henze, T. Griffis, S. Chaliyakunnel, E. Dlugokencky, E. Saikawa, X. Gao, R. Prinn, S. O'Doherty, D. Young, R. Weiss, G. Dutton, J. Elkins, P. Krummel, R. Langenfelds, and P. Steele, Top-down constraints on global N2O emissions at optimal resolution: application of a new dimension reduction technique, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 735-756, 2018.


21. Jayarathne, T., C. E. Stockwell, T. J. Christian, P. V. Bhave, C. Rathnayake, Md. Robiul Islam, P. S. Praveen, A. K. Panday, S. Adhikari, R. Maharjan, J. D. Goetz, P. F. DeCarlo, E. Saikawa, R. J. Yokelson, and E. A. Stone, Nepal Ambient Monitoring and Source Testing Experiment (NAMaSTE): Emissions of particulate matter from wood and dung cooking fires, brick kilns, generators, trash and crop residue burning, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 2259-2286, 2018.


20. Martin, G. and E. Saikawa, Effectiveness of state climate and energy policies in reducing power sector CO2 emissions, Nat. Clim. Chang., doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0001-0, 2017. 


19. Saikawa, E., H. Kim, M. Zhong, A. Avramov, Y. Zhao, G. Janssens-Maenhout, J. Kurokawa, and Q. Zhang, Comparison of Emissions Inventories of Anthropogenic Air Pollutants in China and their Impacts on Air Quality in Asia, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 6393-6421, doi:10.5194/acp-17-6393-2017, 2017.


18. Saikawa, E., M. Trail, Q. Wu, M. Zhong, C. L. Young, G. Janssens-Maenhout, Z. Klimont, F. Wagner, J. Kurokawa, A. Nagpure, and B. Gurjar, Uncertainties in emissions estimates of greenhouse gases and air pollutants in India and their impacts on regional air quality, Environ. Res. Lett., 12, 065002, 2017. 


17. Kishimoto, P., V. Karplus, M. Zhong, E. Saikawa, X. Zhang, and X. Zhang, The impact of coordinated policies on air pollution emissions from road transportation in China, Transp. Res. D: Transp. Environ., 54, 34-49, 2017.


16. Stockwell, C., T. Christian, D. Goetz, T. Jayarathne, P. Bhave, P. Praveen, S. Adhikari, R. Maharjan, P. DeCarlo, E. Stone, E. Saikawa, D. Blake, I. Simpson, R. Yokelson, and A. Panday, Nepal Ambient Monitoring and Source Testing Experiment (NAMaSTE): Emissions of trace gases and light-absorbing carbon from wood and dung cooking fires, garbage and crop residue burning, brick kilns, and other sources, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 11043-10081, doi:10.5194/acp-16-11043-2016, 2016.


15. Hossaini, R., P. K. Patra, A. A. Leeson, G. Krysztofiak, N. L. Abraham, S. J. Andrews, A. T. Archibald, J. Aschmann, E. L. Atlas, D. A. Belikov, H. Bönisch, L. J. Carpenter, S. Dhomse, M. Dorf, A. Engel, W. Feng, S. Fuhlbrügge, P. T. Griffiths, N. R. P. Harris, R. Hommel, T. Keber, K. Krüger, S. T. Lennartz, S. Maksyutov, H. Mantle, G. P. Mills, S. A. Montzka, M. A. Navarro, D. E. Oram, K. Pfeilsticker, J. A. Pyle, B. Quack, A. D. Robinson, E. Saikawa, et al., A multi-model intercomparison of halogenated very short-lived substances (TransCom-VSLS): linking oceanic emissions and tropospheric transport for a reconciled estimate of the stratospheric source gas injection of bromine, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 9163-9187, doi:10.5194/acp-16-9163-2016, 2016.


14. Tian, H., C. Lu, P. Ciais, A. M. Michalak, J. G. Canadell, E. Saikawa, D. N. Huntzinger, K. R. Gurney, S. Sitch, B. Zhang, J. Yang, P. Bousquet, L. Bruhwiler, G. Chen, E. Dlugokencky, P. Friedlingstein, J. Melillo, S. Pan, B. Poulter, R. Prinn, M. Saunois, C. R. Schwalm, S. C. Wofsy, The terrestrial biosphere as a net source of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, Nature, 531, 225-228, 2016.


13. Zhong, M., E. Saikawa, Y. Liu, V. Naik, L. W. Horowitz, M. Takigawa, Y. Zhao, N.-H. Lin, and E. Z. Stone, Air Quality Modeling with WRF-Chem v3.5 in East Asia: Sensitivity to Emissions and Evaluation of Simulated Air Quality, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 1201-1218, 2016.


12. Xiao, Q., E. Saikawa, R. Yokelson, P. Chen, C. Li, and S. Kang, Indoor Air Pollution due to Yak Dung Combustion in Nam Co, Tibet, Atmos. Environ., 102, 406-412, 2015. 


11. Thompson, R. L., K. Ishijima, E. Saikawa, M. Corazza, U. Karstens, P. K. Patra, P. Bousquet, P. Bergamaschi, F. Chevallier, E. Dlugokencky, R. G. Prinn, R. F. Weiss, S. O’Doherty, P. J. Fraser, L. P. Steele, P. B. Krummel, A Vermeulen, Y. Tohjima, A. Jordan, L. Haszpra, M. Steinbacher, S. Van der Laan, T. Aalto, F. Meinhardt, M. E. Popa, J. Moncrieff, and P. Bousquet, TransCom N2O model inter-comparison Part II: atmospheric inversion estimates of N2O emissions, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 6177-6194, doi:10.5194/acp-14-6177-2014, 2014.


10. Saikawa, E., R. G. Prinn, E. Dlugokencky, G. Dutton, B. Hall, K. Ishijima, R. Langenfelds, Y. Tohjima, T. Machida, S. O’Doherty, R. F. Weiss, M. Rigby, S. O’Doherty, P. K. Patra, C. M. Harth, R. F. Weiss, P. B. Krummel, M. van der Schoot, P. J. B. Fraser, L. P. Steele, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, and J. W. Elkins, Global and regional emissions estimates for N2O, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 4617-4641, doi:10.5194/acp-14-4617-2014, 2014.


9. Thompson, R. L., P. K. Patra, K. Ishijima, E. Saikawa, M. Corazza, U. Karstens, C. Wilson, P. Bousquet, P. Bergamaschi, E. Dlugokencky, C. Sweeney, R. G. Prinn, R. F. Weiss, S. O’Doherty, P. Fraser, L. P. Steele, and P. B. Krummel. TransCom-N2O model inter-comparison Part I: assessing the influence of transport and surface fluxes on tropospheric N2O variability, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 4349-4368, doi:10.5194/acpd-14-4349-2014, 2014. 


8. Saikawa, E. and J. Urpelainen. Environmental Standards as a Strategy of International Technology Transfer. Environmental Science and Policy, 38, 192-206, 2014. (Featured in Science for Environment Policy, April 2014)


7. Saikawa, E., C. A. Schlosser, and R. G. Prinn, Process modeling of global soil nitrous oxide emissions from natural processes. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 27 (3), 972-989,

doi:10.1002/gbc.20087, 2013 (Nature Geoscience Research Highlight, October 2013).


6. Zhuang, Q., K. Xu, J. Tang, M. Chen, E. Saikawa, Y. Lu, J. M. Melillo, R. G. Prinn, and A. D. McGuire, Responses in global soil consumption of atmospheric methane due to changes in atmospheric climate, methane concentration, and nitrogen deposition. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 27 (3), 650-663, doi:10.1002/gbc.20057, 2013.


5. Saikawa, E. Policy Diffusion of Automobile Emission Standards: Is there a Race to the Top? World Politics, 65 (1), 1-33, 2013.


4. Saikawa, E., M. Rigby, R. G. Prinn, S. A. Montzka, B. R. Miller, L. J. M. Kuijpers, P. J. B. Fraser, M. K. Vollmer, T. Saito, Y. Yokouchi, C. Harth, J. Mühle, R. F. Weiss, P. Salameh, J. Kim, S. Li, S. Park, K.-R. Kim, D. Young, P. G. Simmonds, A. McCulloch, P. B. Krummel, L. P. Steele, C. Lunder, O. Hermansen, M. Maione, J. Arduini, B. Yao, L. X. Zhou, H. J. Wang, J. W. Elkins, and B. Hall, Global and regional emissions estimate for HCFC-22. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 10033-10050, doi:10.5194/acp-12-10033-2012, 2012.


3. M. V. Ramana, and E. Saikawa. Choosing a Standard Reactor: International Competition and Domestic Politics in Chinese Nuclear Policy. Energy, 36 (12), doi:10.1016/j.energy.2011.10.022, 2011.


2. Saikawa, E., J. Kurokawa, M. Takigawa, J. Borken-Kleefeld, D. L. Mauzerall, L. W. Horowitz, T.

Ohara, The impact of China’s vehicle emissions on regional air quality in 2000 and 2020: a scenario analysis. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 9465-9484, 2011. 


1. Saikawa, E., V. Naik, L. W. Horowitz, J. Liu, D. L. Mauzerall, Present and Potential Future Contributions of Sulfate, Black and Organic Carbon Aerosols from China to Global Air Quality, Premature Mortality and Radiative Forcing. Atmospheric Environ., 4343 (17), 2814-22, 2009.